dermaviduals® DMS
  MenuMenu publications >> special actives imprint sitemap German

Vitamin K for a healthy and beautiful skin


Vitamin K is an essential nutrient for the human body. Vitamin K belongs to the fat-soluble vitamins and naturally occurs in two different types, i.e. vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is mainly assimilated through vegetable food whereas vitamin K2 is formed by intestinal bacteria as e.g. Escherichia coli.


Vegetable vitamin K1 is an excellent ingredient in creams designed for the care of the skin susceptible to couperosis and rosacea. Beyond that, it is an appropriate recipe to reduce dark eye circles which frequently are caused by malfunction of the surface capillary system of the skin.
Vitamin K1 can either be applied as a cosmetic active agent respectively ampoule treatment on a long-term base whereas on the other hand it may be used as a supplement to the normal day and night skin care in combination with an appropriate base cream. Best availability of vitamin K1 in ampoule products or active agents is guaranteed when the vitamin K1 particles are encapsulated.

A well-targeted supply of substances

Nanoparticles are an appropriate medium as they provide excellent penetrability and contain oils as a vehicle to transport the active agent to the respective area where it is needed. Vitamin K1 may be used in concentrations up to 2 percent.
Nanoparticles may be integrated in creams with Derma Membrane Structure as the base substances of both of the systems are perfectly compatible. In this case, vitamin K1 will form deposits in the horny layer and then evenly be released on a long-term base.
As the vitamin K certainly is resistant to atmospheric oxygen but sensitive to light the skin care products need to be protected. It is recommended to use light-proof dispensers and tubes as well as violet glass bottles.

Supplement to the publication:

Vitamin K is vital for the human body. It belongs to the lipid-soluble vitamins and is found in two natural forms, viz. Vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is mainly absorbed through vegetable food while vitamin K2 is formed by intestinal bacteria like Escherichia coli. Hence, vitamin K deficiency may be observed in case of a disordered intestinal flora after the treatment with antibiotics or in new-born babies where the intestinal flora has not yet been developed. The vitamin K absorption in the intestinal tract requires cholic acids. Thus, a disordered cholerrhagia may also involve a vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K is found in green salads, sauerkraut, broccoli, spinach, but also in poultry meat. Food lipids support the vitamin K absorption in the gastro-enteric tract.
Although Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone; 2-Methyl-3-phytyl-1.4-naphthoquinone; INCI: phytonadione) and Vitamin K2 (menaquinone; 2-Methyl-3-difarnesyl-1.4-naphthoquinone) have different structures, in the human body they both provide the same functions. In contrast to the vitamins K1 and K2, the synthetic vitamin K3 (menadione; 2-Methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone; INCI: menadione) is absorbed from the small bowel and colon even without any cholic acids. Only by integrating a hydrocarbon chain in position 3 of the molecule (cf Vitamin K1 and K2) it will develop its characteristic vitamin features in the body. Vitamin K is a coagulation factor and among other tasks it provides for steady flow properties of the blood. A vitamin K deficiency delays the coagulation process and may aggravate the bleeding after injuries. Also the susceptibility to bruises (haematomes) or purpura as the efflorescence-like bleedings in the skin are called, nosebleeds and also bleeding in the gastroenteric tract or mucous membrane may be caused by a vitamin K deficiency.

Dr. Hans Lautenschläger

Please note: The publication is based on the state of the art at the publishing date of the specialist journal.

Please use the reader-view for mobile terminals.
If there are any questions, do not hesitate to contact us via .
This applies to any misprint or other relevant mistakes on this page too.
© Copyright Kosmetik Konzept KOKO GmbH & Co. KG, Leichlingen,
Revision: 27.05.2021

published in
Kosmetik International
2005 (7), 89 

special actives - further literature
Enzymes and fermentation
Phytohormones – border crossers in cosmetics
Biopolymer – Hyaluronic acid in skin care
Strong protectors – stabilising antioxidants
From A to K - Vitamin dictionary focussing on skin care
Hot and spicy - paracress, chillies, mustard and Co.
Fire and fire brigade - functioning of free radicals and antioxidants
Hyaluronic acid & polysaccharides - for skin hydration and wrinkle reduction
Pigment disorders of the skin: causes and remedies
Cosmeceuticals - phospholipids
Phosphates: the power suppliers for skin and hair
Anti-irritant agents
Flavones and isoflavones - the all-rounders among active agents
Antimicrobial peptides
So small and subtle - nanoparticles from solid to liquid
Saponins in skin care
Antioxidants and radical scavengers - too much is too much
Retinoids and their use in cosmetics
Frankincense - the resin with healing power
Asking the expert: Any potent active agents to treat excessive sweating?
Approved skin lightener - tranexamic acid is effective against pigmented spots and redness
Alkaloids in cosmetic applications
Vitamins in cosmetics
Flawless skin - active agents and active agent systems
All made of sugar - Glycosides in skin care products
Phospholipids - the all-rounders
Vitamins in cosmetic products - just additives or added benefit as well?
The water balance in our skin: moisturizers & Co.
Extinguishing the flames - anti-inflammatory active agents
Skin whitening agents from A to Z - a summary
Antioxidants - an overview
Biodegradable lamellar systems in skin care, skin protection and dermatology
Let it grow again - on actives and active systems to stimulate hair growth
A focus on nerves - on intended and adverse effects
No crinkle-look - an arsenal of anti-wrinkle agents at choice
Growth factors - the body's own peptides control various cell functions
Vitamins in cosmetics
Trace elements - tiny helpers for a healthy life
Nanoparticles - sizing up skin care
Moisturizers for the skin care
A comparison - pharmaceutical and cosmetic active agents
Fragrances, vitamins and hormones - the ABC of terpenes
From biochemistry - the ABC of steroids
The ABC of fatty acids
Omnipresent and multifunctional - amino acids in skin care
Nanoparticles in cosmetic products - good or bad?
Hyaluronic acid - a legendary agent
Peptides - more than transmitters and hormones
Precious load - transport of active agents
Enzymes - the silent brownies
Vitamin K for a healthy and beautiful skin
Olibanum - embedded in nanoparticles
Treatment of actinic keratoses with a new olibanum extract
High tech agents: new - improved - and more effective?
Corneotherapy - ...more than just a surface application
Specific active agents and bases in corneotherapy
Active agents: liposomes, nanoparticles & co
Strong effects - phospholipids in cosmetics
Encapsulated substances - the capacity of carrier systems
Liposomes in Dermatological Preparations Part II
Liposomes in Dermatological Preparations Part I
Electron-microscopical Detection of Liposomes in a Skin Treatment Gel
Comments concerning the legal framework for the use of liposomes in cosmetic preparations
The Use of Liposomes from Soya Phospholipids in Cosmetics